With the advent of medical intervention, vaccinations have saved mankind from numerous deathly ailments. Children are often recommended to undergo a special immunization program so that they remain to safeguard from infective germs and diseases. Every country has its unique vaccination program for the children and it is essential for the parents to have a brief idea of the vaccinations schedule of their respective nation.
A question may often arise in mind of parents, why is immunisation important for their little ones. As a child is highly susceptible to disease-producing germs during their tender age, vaccinations can protect them from such infection and enhance their immunity power. A vaccine is a scientifically curated product that is given in the form of drops or injections.
Vaccination can boost up body’s natural defence system so that it could fight against the harmful germs. Immunization with vaccines is the safest way for children to stay protected from deadly infections. However, children have often seen to experience certain side-effects of vaccinations like fever, body ache and rashes.
After childbirth, parents are often made aware of a recommended vaccination schedule. For most of the children, the immunization schedule starts from the first month when they are an infant and the series continues until they reach the age of six-seven. The government of India has launched the Universal Immunization Program for the children of India. And the diseases that these vaccinations provide protection against are measles, Hepatitis B, polio, tetanus, childhood tuberculosis and diphtheria.
Different Types Of Vaccines –
In recent days, there are four basic types of vaccines. Some of them are injected using injections, while some are administered in oral form.
Live attenuated vaccine– This type of vaccination comprises of live form of the germ that you are ultimately getting protected against. Some examples of live attenuated vaccines include rubella and mumps.
Inactivated vaccine– This contains the killed inactivated form of the germ that you are getting protected against. One such example being typhoid vaccine.
Subunit vaccine– It usually contains antigen that stimulates your immune system. Example is the hepatitis B vaccine.
Toxoid vaccine – This type of vaccination contains an inactivated bacterial toxin and an example being the tetanus vaccine.